RS kreideturm bei hocheppan
RS kreideturm bei hocheppan

Kreideturm (Chalk Tower)

The fortified tower of Appiano Castle - with a footprint of 5.5 x 6 metres - rises right beneath it in the middle of the forest.

The beautiful Three Castles Walk in Appiano, which proceeds to Appiano Castle, Corba Castle and Boymont Castle, leads also past the Chalk Tower. It belongs to the Appiano Castle complex, but rises about 65 metres below it on a wooded ridge towards the Valle dell’Adige valley.

The quadrangular tower with its 1.5 metres thick walls was built together with Appiano Castle between the 12th and the 13th century. At those times, the tower was surrounded by a curtain wall and provided with kennels and a small building, presumably used as accommodation for the guardians. Inside the Chalk Tower, there is only one dark shaft. A round bow entrance on the southern side, in a height of 12 metres, is decorated with ornaments.

The Chalk Tower was an outer ward of Appiano Castle, a fortified observation tower to secure the eastern access to the castle. Further on, it was used to light signal fires, called “Kreidefeuer”. The word derives from the term “Kreid” for warning - this explains the German name of the tower, “Kreideturm”. In English, however, it was translated literally: nowadays, “Kreide” means chalk. The ruin of another outer ward - walls with loopholes - is located at the nearby Unterhauser Farm.

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