Eppan Bauer
Eppan Bauer

Wine culture

Why the wine grows so well in these latitudes. Soil, climate and a long tradition from Nalles to Salorno.

The attractive scenery along the South Tyrolean Wine Route has always provided ideal conditions for wine-growing, even some thousand years ago. In the north there are the Alps, creating a sheltering wall and thus breaking the cold wind. And from the south you can clearly feel the gentle Mediterranean climate. The required constant temperature of 15° is given in this area.

An average of 1,800 sunshine hours and temperatures of at least 18°C - in July even 22°C - make sure that the vines feel at ease in this region.It is thanks to this particularly advantageous climate that the vines grow both on an altitude of 200 metres in Salorno as well as on 1,000 metres in Favogna!
A well-distributed rainfall and loose, well-aerated soils that warm up easily - above all calcareous soils and sediments resulting from ice-age moraines and rivers - contribute to the high quality of the local grapes.

This and much more adds to the excellent reputation of South Tyrol’s wines on the Italian market as well as abroad. We are living in the oldes vinegrowing areas in the German speaking area. Already around 500 BC wine has been produced in this region, which is testified by an earthenware jar with grape pips dating back to those times, which was found at Bressanone.

Romans, however, knew how to usewine in their favour. Due to the fact that they already used wooden containers to store the wine and that the climatic conditions for the production of wine were given, the quality of wine was already considerable. Romans transported the wine even to Rome to the royal court.
In Mediaeval times also clergy enjoyed the wine in Valle Isarco and Valle dell’Adige. Bishops, monchs and abbots arranged the wine to be transported to Southern Germany and Austria, where by the way it was not only enjoyed as altar wine. Also pilgrims and noble guests got a glass of wine as welcome drink and wine. Also a healing effect has been attributed to wine, able to alleviate various complaints.

Also vinegrowing culture has gained a foothold in South Tyrol since 1905. Since that point of time wine cellars and wine farmers have aimed at producing high quality „raw material“ and respective expressive wines.

Until lately along the South Tyrolean Wine Road vinegrapes have been cherished in so called pergolas. The roof of the grapevines protects the grapes from excessive incidence of the sun’s radiation as well as hail. But the landscape keeps changing and now most of the grapevines are established without roof, providing a new landscape pattern.

The so called Guyot pruing system is gaining ground in South Tyrol, as it also enables to better engage machines. Along one line of metal posts wires are tightened along which the grapevines grow upwards. This system have definitely changed the scenery in the localities along the South Tyrolean Wine Road.

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